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New Materials: The Material Basis of the New Industrial Revolution

author:管理员 Publication time:2018-10-25 16:46:25 Read: 16 second
What is the new materials industry?
New materials refer to emerging materials with excellent performance or special functions, or materials with improved performance or new functions after traditional materials have been improved. It is a major component of high-tech and a foundation and a guide for the development of high-tech industries. It is the key to upgrading the technical level of traditional industries and adjusting the industrial structure, and plays an increasingly important role in the development of the national economy.
The new materials industry is considered to be the industry with the greatest development potential in the 21st century and has a huge impact on the future development. In today's world, the developed countries compete for the commanding heights of high-tech industries, all of which put the new materials industry in an important strategic position to give priority to development.
Development status of new materials industry in countries around the world
The development level of the new materials industry has become an important indicator to measure a country's economic and social development, scientific and technological progress and national defense strength. Therefore, more than 20 major countries in Europe, the United States, Japan, Russia and South Korea have developed industrial development strategies related to new materials. More than 100 special projects, vigorously promote the development of the country's new materials industry, and strive to seize the commanding heights of the new materials industry.
At present, developed countries still occupy a leading position in the international new materials industry. The world's leading companies in new materials are mainly concentrated in the United States, Europe and Japan. Among them, Japan, the United States and Germany account for more than 70% of global carbon fiber production capacity. The five US companies account for more than 90% of the world's 12-inch wafer production, and three Japanese companies account for more than 90% of the global LCD backlight luminescent materials production.

Among them, Japan is the main country for the production of new materials. The Japanese government attaches great importance to the development of new materials technology and ranks the development of new materials as the second largest goal of national high-tech.

The development status of new material industry in China
Relatively speaking, China's new materials industry started late and has a weak foundation. After catching up in recent years, China's new material industry system has taken initial shape and the development situation is good.
The scale of the industry has grown rapidly. China's new material industry system has taken initial shape and the development situation is good. The current industrial scale is about 2 trillion yuan. The new materials industry has a good foundation in traditional fields such as metal materials, textile materials and chemical materials. The production capacity of rare earth functional materials, advanced energy storage materials, photovoltaic materials, silicones, superhard materials, special stainless steel, glass fiber and composite materials The forefront of the world.
Substantial breakthroughs were made in key technologies. Through the combination of production, education and research, many important new materials and technical indicators have been greatly improved, and the research results have been promoted and applied, which has greatly enhanced the guarantee capability of high-end metal structural materials, new inorganic non-metallic materials and high-performance composite materials in China. Advanced polymer materials and special metals The self-sufficiency level of functional materials is gradually increased.
The regional agglomeration situation is obvious. The spatial pattern of “concentration of the eastern coastal areas and the development of the central and western regions” was initially formed. The Yangtze River Delta has formed a new material industry cluster including aerospace, new energy, electronic information, new chemical industry, etc.; the new material industry in the Pearl River Delta has a high concentration, and has formed a relatively complete industrial chain, in electronic information materials, modified engineering plastics. , ceramic materials and other fields have strong advantages; the Bohai Rim region has a significant role in promoting technological innovation, and has great advantages in many fields such as rare earth functional materials, membrane materials, silicon materials, high-tech ceramics, magnetic materials and special fibers.
Support is increasingly apparent. The role of new materials in supporting major application demonstration projects has become increasingly apparent, providing important technical support for the development of China's energy, resources and environment, and information fields, and is an important guarantee for building major projects and consolidating national defense military.
China's new material industry development plan
China attaches great importance to the development of new materials industry. At present, it builds a new material development policy pyramid through programmatic documents, guiding documents, planning development goals and tasks, and gives full guidance to the whole industry chain.
China's new material policy pyramid
The program documents are mainly "Made in China 2025". The guiding documents include the technical roadmap for the key areas of "Made in China 2025" and the "Guidelines for the Development of New Materials Industry". The documents related to development tasks and objectives include the "13th Five-Year" national strategy. Emerging Industry Development Plan, "Non-ferrous Metal Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)", "Rare Earth Industry Development Plan (2016-2020)", etc.
In addition, China also established the National New Materials Industry Development Leading Group for the first time in December 2016, fully demonstrating the country's determination to vigorously revitalize the new materials industry.
China's future development of new materials industry

The New Materials Industry Development Guide defines the three major development directions for new materials in the future, namely advanced basic materials, key strategic materials and cutting-edge new materials.

China's future new material development direction
At present, China's steel, chemical, textile, construction and other fields behind advanced basic materials have developed more maturely. Steel production accounts for more than 50% of the world's total. Aluminum alloy production accounts for more than 30% of the world's total. Continue to maintain, the chemical industry is also facing overcapacity. It can be said that China has taken the lead in completing industrialization and localization in the field of basic raw materials (steel, textile, chemical). The future development direction is more from maturity to continuous optimization. In the field of cutting-edge new materials, basic research and original innovation are still the focus of the next stage. High-performance materials such as graphene and memory alloy are still actively exploring the direction of industrialization.
New material industry trends
Among China's material enterprises, 80-90% are traditional metal and chemical materials companies. In the next 10 years, these two types of traditional materials companies will accelerate technological upgrading and transformation.
1. Gradually develop towards high-end, healthy and green
In the next decade, emerging industries such as high-end equipment, automobile manufacturing, electronic information, new energy, energy conservation and environmental protection, new construction, biomedical, smart grid, and 3D printing are expected to maintain a relatively fast development trend, and high-end materials that drive the development of emerging industries are In the future, the main directions of China's new material industry development include high-quality special steel, high-strength lightweight alloys, high-performance fibers and composite materials, aviation ceramic materials and aviation-grade 3D printed metal powder materials.
In addition, as people's demand for health and environmental protection increases, there is an increasing demand for green health materials such as biomedical materials, green materials, new building materials and high-performance membrane materials.
2, electronic information, lithium battery industry new materials are expected to accelerate growth
With the development of the new information technology industry, the development and production of electronic information materials is an important direction for future development. Low-defect 12-inch and above electronic grade monocrystalline silicon, ultra-thin 8-inch and above silicon-on-insulator (SOI), wide Forbidden semiconductors and devices, as well as AMOLED organic light-emitting materials and devices, large-scale optical fiber preforms, optical films, integrated circuit specialty gases will gradually become industrialized applications, and some products will gradually replace imports.
In terms of lithium battery materials, cathode materials, anode materials, conductive pastes, and battery separators have emerged, and core technologies have been successfully developed and industrialized with great potential for development. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the two fields of electronic information and new materials for the lithium battery industry are expected to achieve accelerated growth.
3. High-strength lightweight alloy new materials may be applied on a large scale
High-performance aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys and titanium alloys are widely used in aerospace, military, automotive, electric power equipment, etc., especially with the development of the automotive industry, the application of high-performance alloys on vehicles is growing rapidly. Its market demand is increasing.
With the high-end and intelligent development of power equipment, aluminum alloy cable technology and products have gradually been well known and accepted by the market. Aluminum alloy materials will be increasingly used in the power industry due to their performance advantages. Related products are also gradually applied to many aspects such as wire and cable, transformers, automotive heat exchangers, air conditioner radiators, etc., and the future development is limitless.

 Source: China Steel Research Institute

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